The Strangest Aircraft Ever Built: The Soviet Union's VVA-14

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Thanks to Hangar B Productions for producing the incredible VVA-14 models used in this video, visit:

As an aircraft designer, physicist, astronomer, philosopher, painter and musician, Robert Bartini is often described as a genius ahead of his time. Throughout his life, he designed over 60 aircraft and made significant contributions to Soviet aviation. Although most of Bartini’s aircraft designs never left the drawing board, many of his aeronautical innovations were incorporated into production aircraft.

In 1965, Bartini was given a rare opportunity to realize the full potential of one of his concepts. With the emergence of American Polaris missile submarines, the Soviet Union needed a new kind of aircraft to respond. Bartini proposed building the ultimate submarine hunter. Designated as the VVA-14, it would be a truly unique and innovative aircraft. With a catamaran-like fuselage it would be optimized to fly within the ground effect (like other ekranoplan of the era), giving it endurance needed to fly long-range missions. It would also have wings so that it could fly like a conventional airplane if needed. Bartini would equip the VVA-14 with both a conventional landing gear for runways and a unique inflatable pontoon system to give it amphibious capabilities. Ten lift jets would allow for vertical take-off and landings (VTOL) from any kind of surface, giving the aircraft the ability to operate from the even most harsh and remote regions of the Soviet Union. Development would stretch nearly a decade, but like Bartini himself, the VVA-14’s design would end up being a little too ahead of it's time.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
AP Archive website: NLflow: and

Select imagery/video supplied by Getty Images:

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 1: “Ambient Inspirational Documentary” -

Song 2: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 3: “Dark Horizons” -

Song 4: “A Dark Plot” -

Song 5: “Gladiator March ”-

Song 6: "Sweet Lo-Fi" -

Thanks for watching!




  • Can you do a video about the ilyushin il-76

    Owen SandersonOwen SandersonUur geleden
  • Bartini vs Waves... Waves win.

    Wade AndersonWade Anderson2 uur geleden
  • big dummy, turbo jets you say? it says turbo fans on the drawing

    Jason LynchJason Lynch8 uur geleden
  • Ithula 5 6 kuutali

    Plug berth OiyuverPlug berth Oiyuver9 uur geleden
  • Mudi

    Plug berth OiyuverPlug berth Oiyuver9 uur geleden
  • Ulla thuki

    Plug berth OiyuverPlug berth Oiyuver9 uur geleden
  • Air

    Plug berth OiyuverPlug berth Oiyuver9 uur geleden
  • Mandai

    Plug berth OiyuverPlug berth Oiyuver9 uur geleden
  • Hey umm i just saw a video about United having supersonic planes on their fleet

    OrangeLeaf36OrangeLeaf3611 uur geleden
  • Good plane Comrade Bartini.

    Iron CrossIron Cross17 uur geleden
  • One picture looked like a klyon bird of prey. Several years before star trek came out.👍👽

  • Lookin like an x wing

    RedRedDag geleden

    The MэoиgThe MэoиgDag geleden
  • It looks abandoned because they found alien eggs inside.

    NightCoderNightCoderDag geleden
  • Stunning documentary and awesome graphics, never even knew this plane existed, thanks for bringing it to my attention.

    Vince AbbottVince AbbottDag geleden
  • Oh that´s where the plans for the Serenity are coming from ;) (And the Avengers giant flying thingy as well i guess gg)

    Markus PuschertMarkus PuschertDag geleden
  • Love this aircraft! #1 for me!

    Matthew TrabueMatthew TrabueDag geleden
  • a version of this was designed for military use in the USSR some converted for civilian use. And a bunch are designed solely for civilian use. These vehicles are called ekranoplan. Some were literally designed to be super fast high speed armored troop carriers

    Christopher SaboChristopher SaboDag geleden
  • Roberto Oros di Bartini was an Italian Engineer from noble origin. He studied at the University "Regio Politecnico" in Milan, than escaped to the Soviet Union beacuse of his political persuasions.

    Massimo AnzonMassimo AnzonDag geleden
  • reminds me of planet Jupiter, Glory to King Zeus!

    thousand points of lightthousand points of lightDag geleden
  • Kirov reporting

    ZenovarseZenovarseDag geleden
  • Unfortunately, genocidal thermonuclear WW3 is not too far away, please follow the latest news at "Countdown World News" page of RKK Book website. Humankind has been playing with nuclear fire since 1945, and the bottom line is, if we continue doing so, this fire will consume us one day. Now is the time to turn to God-given wisdom and make the only right step as it might be too late to do so tomorrow. We have responsibility to take a good care of our children and ensure they have a future.

    Avraham BaruchAvraham BaruchDag geleden
  • So no one is going to talk about how the channel name is literally 'Mustard'?

    Lin Kuei DragonLin Kuei DragonDag geleden

    controlcontrolDag geleden
  • لا تضعوا الموسيقى لأنها حرام قال الله تعالى ((( ومن الناس من يشتري لهوا الحديث ليضل عن سبيل الله ))) .الأية. وقال النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم: (ليكونن من أمتي أقوام يستحلون الحِر والحرير والخمر والمعازف ). رواه البخاري معلقاً بصيغة الجزم . الواجب عدم وضعها

    وليد الشوافوليد الشوافDag geleden
  • Looks like something out of halo

    6インチ6インチDag geleden
  • not sure if someone else has made this correction but the word for crossing oceans is "traverse" not "transverse"

    T iT iDag geleden
  • -Do you want to engineer an airplane, an helicopter or a hovercraft? -DA.

    dcoog anmldcoog anml2 dagen geleden
  • how can this plane be in METAL GEAR SOLID 3 finale escape .. kojima is f***king genius

    Max DZasterMax DZaster2 dagen geleden
  • This video does highlight the double standards present in world politics, such as how the US took a hard line in 1962 against the Russian deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba within striking distance of the mainland, and yet what often gets left out of the bigger picture is that by 1961 the US not only had submarines armed with nuclear missiles surrounding their coastlines, but also deployed nuclear missiles in Turkey and Italy completely encircling Russia with nuclear strike capabilities.

    Gankatron 5000Gankatron 50002 dagen geleden
    • Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate

      dcoog anmldcoog anml2 dagen geleden

    Burak KartoflanyBurak Kartoflany2 dagen geleden
  • There is the rest of one of them at Monino museum in Moscow

    Happy FeetHappy Feet2 dagen geleden
  • Incredible video. Production value is top!!

    Rico AndradeRico Andrade2 dagen geleden
  • Bruh the american osprey could have done the same mission than this big thing

    RaDK012RaDK0122 dagen geleden
  • Arghhh- metal gear....

    Judd HackJudd Hack2 dagen geleden
  • Dang it I missed two episodes i really gotta sub

    KingOfJusticeKingOfJustice2 dagen geleden
  • The X-15 next

    Joachim PaulsenJoachim Paulsen2 dagen geleden
  • Make a video about the XB-70 maybe?

    Joachim PaulsenJoachim Paulsen2 dagen geleden
  • Good Lord! Why can I push the like button only once!?

    MrRickilloMrRickillo2 dagen geleden
  • He was Just borned in a Wrong Country....

    Mashiro ShiinaMashiro Shiina2 dagen geleden
    • He was born in Italy.

      Ranko OrovićRanko Orović2 dagen geleden
  • I didn't watch , just disliked video

    Tha RTha R2 dagen geleden
  • I'm more interested in the civilian application mentioned, the cargo-ground-effect vehicle that has the load of a conventional cargo-ship and the speed of an aircraft. Just imagine what could be done with something like that.

    taln0reichtaln0reich2 dagen geleden
  • This will put a smile on the faces of the enemy. They will think it's a huge robot dildo flying towards them.

    GnomezonbaconGnomezonbacon2 dagen geleden
  • When the video starts and you mistake a pair of pontoons for a screw drive...

    Sean D.GSean D.G2 dagen geleden
  • Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate

    eioshen boboieioshen boboi3 dagen geleden
  • Is this nile red? 🤔

    NRGNRG3 dagen geleden
  • 10/10 for pronouncing ‘Moscow’ correctly. 999999 Americans in 1000000 can’t do what you just did. Moss-🐄 indeed! There’s no wonder that the entire world thinks that folks from the US are slack-jawed knuckle-draggers.

    John ThomasJohn Thomas3 dagen geleden
  • A comparison between the VVA-14 and the Ekranoplan would be nice

    mags dunklmags dunkl3 dagen geleden
    • jet fighter

      eioshen boboieioshen boboi3 dagen geleden
  • looks like a metal slug boss tbh

    Chese brogerChese broger3 dagen geleden
  • The first iteration of the hercules star lifter c2....

    John BJohn B3 dagen geleden
  • He was of the same generation as Kelly Johnson who designed the Blackbird. Both these guys were so ahead of their time, that their designs still look futuristic some 60 years later.

    Ian GravesIan Graves3 dagen geleden
  • The second time you said spacecraft my eyes fell out since they couldn’t roll any further back. It looks like an airplane and flies like an airplane

    whiteandnerdytubawhiteandnerdytuba3 dagen geleden
  • Captain rogers put it down

    Mister sandwichMister sandwich3 dagen geleden
  • Ekranoplan is the Leviathan and Bartini is the Chimera

    Lynn OLynn O3 dagen geleden
  • dat production quality tho

    Vibing CatVibing Cat3 dagen geleden
  • Crash into the sea!

    thousand milesthousand miles3 dagen geleden

    Павел ФедотовПавел Федотов3 dagen geleden
  • Those visualisations required a bit of effort, bravo to the artists involved :)

    Teh WeverTeh Wever3 dagen geleden
  • Aww, Mustard. Come on, man!

    AqpleTVAqpleTV3 dagen geleden
  • The only stat that counts about this bird... it did in fact do the Kessel Run in less than 12 parsecs ✨🌠

    gkoolgkool3 dagen geleden
    • @gkool I love to educate. Thank you for giving me the opportunity :)

      paul sharppaul sharpDag geleden
    • @paul sharp thank you Sheldon

      gkoolgkool2 dagen geleden
    • A parsec is a measure of distance not of time :)

      paul sharppaul sharp3 dagen geleden
  • A man ahead of his time.

    blind fredyblind fredy3 dagen geleden
  • Hey Mustard. I got randomly suggested one of your videos and I've enjoyed pretty much all of them. Any chance you could do one on the Harrier? Probably the most iconic VTOL jet fighter

    MrPrajituraMrPrajitura3 dagen geleden
  • Looks like fictional James Bond "moonraker 007"

    dog guydog guy3 dagen geleden
  • why 1 wing is longer then the other?

    Jeroen DerksJeroen Derks3 dagen geleden
  • If this became real then we could of had speed carriers

    KoharumiKoharumi3 dagen geleden
  • некоторые Советские руководители, сами обгадились от страха, что они могут создать. Поэтому и валили концепцию на корню.

    Фёдор СусанинФёдор Сусанин3 dagen geleden
  • if this aircraft design that takes advantage of the ground effect is so good, why haven't they become widespread for civilian transportation and such?

    slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdghtslkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght3 dagen geleden
    • @Ranko Orović well, yeah. otherwise I would not have asked. however, I only want a short list of the major problems. not all of the problems. and it would also be nice if you can post a link with to a detailed article

      slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdghtslkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght3 dagen geleden
    • @slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght Are you really interested?

      Ranko OrovićRanko Orović3 dagen geleden
    • @Ranko Orović ok, what are their problems?

      slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdghtslkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght3 dagen geleden
    • Because they look good only on the drawing board,simulations and animations.The number off problems they have is incredible.

      Ranko OrovićRanko Orović3 dagen geleden
  • It’s look like Virgin Galactic Spaceship

    Jack NguyenJack Nguyen3 dagen geleden
  • Perhaps this man was inspiration for Gerry Anderson aircraft.

    Dalek 2150Dalek 21503 dagen geleden
  • Could you use ground effect on the clouds?

    Utkarsh SatishUtkarsh Satish3 dagen geleden
  • Soviets goal in aircraft was single handedly functionality and not beauty

    NiLpILNiLpIL3 dagen geleden
  • This channel is a good example of what a real quality looks like. Amazing

    NiLpILNiLpIL3 dagen geleden
  • Where do you find this cool shit. Kudos !!

    Apurva MishraApurva Mishra3 dagen geleden
  • Hovercrafts

    Pit Fiend AOWPit Fiend AOW4 dagen geleden
  • I've never ben so happy and proud to see a video go viral. Godspeed Mustard

    Suit BanterSuit Banter4 dagen geleden
  • I'm amazed by the beautiful and realistic graphics. Great work!

    German RoldánGerman Roldán4 dagen geleden
  • Metal Gear Solid 3 anyone????

    Big Boss HeisenbergBig Boss Heisenberg4 dagen geleden
  • Love these Cold War megaprojects. Forget about pushing the the envelope, everyone was trying to blow it up with a railgun.

    Josef GordonJosef Gordon4 dagen geleden
  • All I know is Eva flies Snake out of Tselinoyarsk in one of these WiGs just as the MiGs receive the RTB command. Then it was off to party all night... "Eva I need you!" -Snake

    bluegreen voyagerbluegreen voyager4 dagen geleden
  • The Soviets really had wild imaginations!

    SantaFe19484SantaFe194844 dagen geleden
  • Does anyone else think that the aircraft carrier looks like Thunderbird 2?

    evilturnipevilturnip4 dagen geleden
  • Bloody hell . Those Rooskies were aeronautical meisters. Love the grfx on these videos - amazing .

    LordAxeLordAxe4 dagen geleden
  • This machine looks amazing! But it's kind of sad he died before he could make these..

    Basic PlayerBasic Player4 dagen geleden
    • But that might be a good thing.. Time does get messy if stuff does happen when it's not supposed to..

      Basic PlayerBasic Player4 dagen geleden
  • looks like a sea turtle

    EnergeticWavesEnergeticWaves4 dagen geleden
  • это экраноплан. Какай нахер аиркрафт?

    TELTOSTELTOS4 dagen geleden
  • Bartini was italian

    LanciarulesLanciarules4 dagen geleden
  • I rlly want to see a real one doe

    Panzer Of The LakePanzer Of The Lake4 dagen geleden
  • that is not that stupid

    lekarz plagilekarz plagi4 dagen geleden
  • actually the ground effect could make long distance solar airplanes possible

    ZuschauerquaelerZuschauerquaeler4 dagen geleden
  • Thats pretty cool.

    BreezeBreeze4 dagen geleden
  • YESSS MORE GROUND EFFECT SHIPS. The engineer in me is very pleased.

    Scout339Scout3394 dagen geleden
  • Kill NATO

    bw Danicicbw Danicic4 dagen geleden
  • 지금도 수직이착륙이 어려운 기술임에도 저 설계사상은 가슴이 벅차오르게 만드네요

    성남할매순대국밥파마산가루관찰자성남할매순대국밥파마산가루관찰자4 dagen geleden
  • Incredible... the content, pacing, visuals.... your best one yet!!!

    Troy TroyusTroy Troyus4 dagen geleden